Lifting State in React

A Quick Aside

I’m not sure if this is the best way to think about this, but this is how I make sense of lifting the state. In this case we are going to be calling a function from from where the component is defined to get a function from where the component is being used. Here is what I mean…

For this exampled we will focus on the FavoriteAnimal component. Here is our FavoriteAnimal component:

function FavoriteAnimal({ animal, onAnimalChange }) {
  return (
      <label htmlFor="animal">Favorite Animal: </label>
      <input id="animal" value={animal} onChange={onAnimalChange} />

Any time the input changes in our FavoriteAnimal component, we fire the function onAnimalChange, which we get from our props.

Now let’s take a look at our app component:

function App() {
  const [name, setName] = React.useState('')
  const [animal, setAnimal] = React.useState('')

  return (
      <Name name={name} onNameChange={event => setName(} />
        onAnimalChange={event => setAnimal(}
      <Display name={name} animal={animal} />

Note that onAnimalChange sets the animal value in the state and passes that value in as props back into the original component.

This process forms a sort of cycle. FavoriteAnimal calls a function when it is change and lifts that up through the onAnimalChange prop. FavoriteAnimal nested inside App takes that onChange function and uses it with the onAnimalChange prop. The onAnimalChange prop updates the animal state and passes that back into the animal prop, which is then read and used by the FavoriteAnimal component.

Written by@Chris Lacey
👋🏻 I'm Chris! Welcome to my blog where I post about whatever I'm learning or find interesting in the world of web development.